However, most ordinary canings with a typical light rattan used at home for punishing children or at school for punishing students , although painful at the time, leave only reddish welts or bruises lasting a few days. Caning in Indonesia is a recent introduction, in the special case of Aceh , on Sumatra, which since its autonomy has introduced a form of sharia law for Muslims only male or female , applying the cane to the clothed upper back of the offender. From at least the early s onwards, some private preparatory schools relied heavily on "self-government" by prefects for even their youngest pupils around eight years old , with caning the standard punishment for even minor offences. It is also imposed for certain breaches of prison rules. Generally, even numbers are preferred whenever an exact number of strokes are given.
Caning was a common form of judicial punishment and official school discipline in many parts of the world in the 19th and 20th centuries. Rarely, girls were caned on the clothed bottom, in which case the punishment would probably be applied by a female teacher. Charles Chenevix Trench was caned as a boy at Winchester College in the early s and later said that "it was, of course, disagreeable, but left no permanent scars on my personality or my person".
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Like their British counterparts, South African private schools also gave prefects free rein to administer canings whenever they felt it appropriate, from at least the late 19th century onwards. In some countries caning is still in use in the post-independence era, particularly in Southeast Asia where it is now being used far more than it was under British rule , and in some African countries. Generally, even numbers are preferred whenever an exact number of strokes are given. Canes are very painful implements and therefore the number of strokes did not need to be high. After the caning , the boy was told to rise and to return to his seat.